"Above all, political discussion is stunned by a delusion about science. This term has come to mean an institutional enterprise rather than a personal activity, the solving of puzzles rather than the unpredictably creative activity of individual people." --Ivan Illich, Tools of Conviviality
"The history of science is studded with examples of men "finding out" something and not knowing it. I shall operate on the assumption that discovery, whether by a schoolboy going it on his own or by a scientist cultivating the growing edge of his field, is in its essence a matter of rearranging or transforming evidence in such a way that one is enabled to go beyond the evidence so reassembled to new insights."-- Jerome Bruner, On Knowing, Essays for the Left Hand.The consequence of this "reassembly" is knowledge held deep, beyond a normal span of time that is readily accessed through clear memory rooted in the senses and organized as experience.
We teach chemistry and physics and other forms of science, devoid of opportunity for personal discovery. Text books are arranged by theory, not by actions or activities that lead children to think, explore, formulate hypotheses, test their own principles, and discover relationships between things and within themselves.
Is it therefore to be any surprise that adults question the foundations of science, and that American idiots have systems of belief based on what they are told by persons in some perceived relationship of authority?
One cannot whittle a stick without becoming engaged in hypothesis and discovery in its most simple form. The arts and sciences at their best are integrated spheres of discovery, and he or she who starts as a craftsman is engaged simultaneously on the foundation of science. The hands search for the truth and are thus constantly finding it. Now the question becomes, "how do we make schooling an act of continuous discovery?" I suggest the strategic implementation of the hands. Turn our schools into workshops and laboratories.
Make, fix and create. Discovery follows.