Elephants recently tested for their intelligence and ability to work with others, astounded scientists with their aptitude to learn and solve problems.
Two of them even outsmarted the scientists who developed the test.
Do we ever test students in cooperative problem solving? And if not, why not? We test instead for those things which are most easily measured and quantified... not for those things which our students most need for their future success. Student ability to engage in cooperative problem solving is the most essential quality for their success in the work place. But we arrange schooling as competitive rather than cooperative. We separate those who are mechanically inclined from those who have no mechanical insight. We separate those who are interested in math from those whose interests are literary or scientific, and in essence we take away the "pencils" upon which our children's futures depend.